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补述——英语高分作文不可忽缺的技巧

李登忠
    每年高考后,就英语单科成绩而言,许多考生预估的分数和实际成绩有很大的出入,有的估分过高,有的过低,其中一个主要的原因就是对作文的估分不准。主观题作文之所以估分不准,一则是因为平时老师阅卷原则性不强,随意给分,二则是因为学生平常训练不到位,没有注意如何才能提升自己的英语作文档次。
    根据近年来高考评分标准的五个档次中第五档(很好,21~25分)中的“应用了较多的语法结构”和“语法结构有些许错误,但为尽力使用复杂结构所致”,可见,在学生掌握了五种基本句式之后,鼓励学生尝试一些复杂的语法结构,巧用过渡性词语是非常重要的,其中补述技巧就是高考写作最重要的技巧之一。
    补述分为并列补述和后位补述两种。补述的特点是既可以使语言连贯,又可以收到简练、生动的效果,有时又能适时地表现当事人内心的思想活动,好处多多,写作必备。例如:
→Li Ming and I took part in a wilderness survival problem yesterday, and it has been one of the most unforgettable experiences since high school.
→It was quite an experience for us both, which I will never forget for the rest of my life.
补述常用于事实表述后的情感感受,引发感想或对事实、细节补充的场合。并列补述常用并列连词and,后位补述常用分词短语作状语,which 引出非限定性定语从句,以及由with引导的复合结构等。
    一、并列补述
    1、要点:上午学校活动,下午游览市区。
→I know the school will organize a lot of things for you to do in the morning but in the afternoon, I will show you around and take you to some places of interest.
    2、要点:大约4点离开。
→Around four o’clock, we said goodbye to one another, and felt very happy on the way home.
    3、要点:昨天我和李华参加了野外生存训练。
→Li Hua and I took pant in a wilderness survival program yesterday, and it has been one of the most unforgettable experiences since high school.
    二、后位补述
    1、分词短语作状语。用分词短语作状语,文字较为精练。如要点:晚上看电视、玩游戏、聊天。
→We will mostly stay at home in the evening watching TV, playing games, and meeting people.
再如:Uncle bathed and had dinner, giving everyone the impression that there was no danger at all.
    2、非限定性定语从句
→The flat is in a building on WanXi Street, which is not far from No.2 Middle School.
→At 8 o’clock in the morning, we arrived at the 201 bus station, where we were warmly welcomed by the drivers and conductors.
→I bought several apples, which were very cheap.
→They gave up the plan, which (=though it ) was a very good one.
    3、with引导的复合结构
→My brother was riding  with me sitting on the seat behind.(该结构的情景描述功能十分突出)
    再如: Mr Li came in with a lot of books in his arms.
作文中补述的技巧不难掌握,主要在于平时阅读时多留意以及作文时的适时应用,一篇习作里如果有几处类似上述的高级语法结构,这势必会让阅读老师心动,提高得分档次。
 
 
 
 

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